Bible Reading: Matthew 6:5-15
The Model Prayer
“And when you pray, you shall not be like the hypocrites. For they love to pray standing in the synagogues and on the corners of the streets, that they may be seen by men. Assuredly, I say to you, they have their reward. But you, when you pray, go into your room, and when you have shut your door, pray to your Father who is in the secret place; and your Father who sees in secret will reward you openly. And when you pray, do not use vain repetitions as the heathen do. For they think that they will be heard for their many words. “Therefore do not be like them. For your Father knows the things you have need of before you ask Him. In this manner, therefore, pray:
Our Father in heaven, Hallowed be Your name. Your kingdom come. Your will be done On earth as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread. And forgive us our debts, As we forgive our debtors. And do not lead us into temptation, But deliver us from the evil one. For Yours is the kingdom and the power and the glory forever. Amen.
“For if you forgive men their trespasses, your heavenly Father will also forgive you. But if you do not forgive men their trespasses, neither will your Father forgive your trespasses.
We have been studying those things which characterized the first local church which was located at Jerusalem. So far, we have noted that these first Christian believers "continued steadfastly in the apostles' doctrine and fellowship, and in breaking of bread." They also
These first Christians were Jews with a rich religious heritage. Their Scriptures were filled with references to prayer. However, like so many other matters of divine revelation, prayer had suffered at the hands of unspiritual religious leaders. Our Lord Jesus in His earth ministry had given much corrective and new teaching on prayer. These "wholesome words, even the words of our Lord Jesus Christ" (1 Tim. 6:3) were ministered to these early believers, together with such new revelation as the Risen Lord gave to and through His apostles.
The history of the first Christians and churches, recorded for us in the Acts of the Apostles, indicates that prayer was an important and constant factor in their many faceted spiritual life. They prayed:-
Jesus clearly taught that the church, His house, would be a place of prayer:
Then He taught, saying to them, “Is it not written, ‘My house shall be called a house of prayer for all nations’? Mark 11:17
a. WHAT DID THE LORD JESUS CHRIST TEACH ABOUT PRAYER?
1) How to Pray
Hypocrites pray. They "love to pray." However, their motives are wrong. They pray to make an impression on men, not to importune God." They pray "that they may be seen of men." And that is as far as the whole matter goes. "They have their reward." Their total satisfaction is realized in impressing men. They "pretend" to be talking to God but in reality they are insincerely repeating words, dishonestly laying claim to being something they are not.
The heathen pray. The insincere religionist is hypocritical and pretentious, while the heathen is superstitious and wordy. The heathen "rattle off long prayers" thinking "they will be heard because they use so many words" (JBP).
The true disciple of Christ is to avoid both of these errors. His personal praying must be sincere and private, and intended for the Father alone. He may repeat things in honest and ardent entreaty, but the repetition will not be "vain" Nor will the reward for such praying be the fickle approval of men but the all wise "reward" of "thy Father." Our Lord is not ruling out united praying for He approves it elsewhere. He is condemning wrongly motivated and improperly practised personal prayer.
Matt. 18:19 (Amp.) - "Again I tell you, if two of you on earth agree (harmonize together, together make a symphony) about anything and everything — whatever they shall ask, it will come to pass and be done for them by My Father in heaven."
Prayer in the strictest sense is asking with a view to receiving. We have seen that proper personal praying is rewarded by the Father. Now we are instructed how to pray in company with other disciples. We must "agree." The Greek word translated "agree" is "sumphoneo" from which we derive our English word "symphony." The dictionary tells us this word means "harmony of any kind." So we see that getting our united prayers answered depends on our "harmony." It stands to reason that if there is not a basic unity in a body of believers, there is little chance of agreement on some specific matter.
The location of this scripture is extremely significant. It is spoken in connection with our Lord's second mention of the church and is immediately followed by the promise of His presence among us. "For where two or three are GATHERED TOGETHER IN My Name, there am I in the midst of them." Our united praying is only effectual as we are GATHERED TOGETHER IN AGREEMENT.
In the Old Testament, God is prayed to as "the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob." He was the God who had entered into covenant with "our fathers." with the coming of Christ a new order is inaugurated. His precious blood ratified a New Covenant and we now "bow our knees unto THE FATHER OF OUR LORD JESUS CHRIST" (Eph. 3:14).
During the time of our Lord's earth ministry, the disciples did not pray in Jesus' Name. He did however, move them toward the new revelation concerning prayer which would characterize the New Day. They watched Him praying on one occasion (they probably had done so often), and when "He ceased, one of His disciples said unto Him, LORD, TEACH US TO PRAY." "And He said unto them, when you pray, say, OUR FATHER WHO ART IN HEAVEN, HALLOWED BE THY NAME." This became the disciples' model prayer, which they used verbatim and as a pattern for the composition of other prayers.
Prayer as it was to be in the New Gospel Day was taught to the disciples in the upper room just before our Lord's death. "Until now you have asked nothing IN MY NAME" (John 16:24). "IN THAT DAY you will ask IN MY NAME ... whatever you ask the Father in MY NAME, He will give you" (John 16:26,23).
"A prayer in Christ's Name is a prayer that is in harmony with whatever Christ has revealed concerning Himself."
Only those who are vitally related to Him through faith and obedience can pray in harmony with Him.
The righteous Person and redemptive work of our Lord Jesus Christ, has made it possible for all who trust and believe in Him for their salvation, to have access into the presence of God. "Because of our faith in Him, we dare to have the boldness (courage and confidence) of FREE ACCESS — AN UNRESERVED APPROACH TO GOD WITH FREEDOM AND WITHOUT FEAR" (Eph. 3:12 - Amp,). To pray in Christ's Name is to pray in compliance with what He is as our Saviour and what He desires for us as our Lord.
And whatever we ask we receive from Him, because we keep His commandments and do those things that are pleasing in His sight 1 John 3:22
STUDY QUESTIONS FOR LESSON #10