Bible Reading: Matt 3:1~12
1 In those days John the Baptist came, preaching in the Desert of Judea 2 and saying, Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is near. 3 This is he who was spoken of through the prophet Isaiah: A voice of one calling in the desert,'Prepare the way for the Lord, make straight paths for him.' 4 John's clothes were made of camel's hair, and he had a leather belt round his waist. His food was locusts and wild honey. 5 People went out to him from Jerusalem and all Judea and the whole region of the Jordan. 6 Confessing their sins, they were baptised by him in the Jordan River. 7 But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees coming to where he was baptising, he said to them: You brood of vipers! Who warned you to flee from the coming wrath? 8 Produce fruit in keeping with repentance. 9 And do not think you can say to yourselves, 'We have Abraham as our father.' I tell you that out of these stones God can raise up children for Abraham. 10 The axe is already at the root of the trees, and every tree that does not produce good fruit will be cut down and thrown into the fire. 11 I baptise you with water for repentance. But after me will come one who is more powerful than I, whose sandals I am not fit to carry. He will baptise you with the Holy Spirit and with fire. 12 His winnowing fork is in his hand, and he will clear his threshing-floor, gathering his wheat into the barn and burning up the chaff with unquenchable fire.
a. GOD COMMANDS IT
Acts 17:30 - "In the past God overlooked such ignorance, but now he commands all people everywhere to repent!"
b. A REASON FOR CHRIST'S COMING
Luke 5:32 - "I have not come to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance."
c. PART OF OUR LORD’S COMMISSION TO US
Luke 24:47 - "and repentance and forgiveness of sins will be preached in his name to all nations,"
d. NECESSARY TO AVOID DESTRUCTION
Luke 13:3, 5 - "I tell you, no! But unless you repent, you too will all perish."
e. NECESSARY TO ETERNAL LIFE
Acts 11:18 - "... So then, God has granted even the Gentiles repentance unto life."
f. GOD’S DESIRE FOR ALL .
2 Peter 3:9 - "The Lord is not slow in keeping his promise, as some understand slowness. He is patient with you, not wanting anyone to perish, but everyone to come to repentance"
g. PART OF CHRISTIAN'S FOUNDATION
Heb. 6:1 - "... the foundation of repentance from acts that lead to death ...."
h. JOHN THE BAPTIST PREACHED IT
Matt. 3:2 - "... Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is near."
i. JESUS PREACHED IT
Matt. 4:17 — "From that time on Jesus began to preach, Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is near."
j. THE APOSTLES PREACHED IT
Mark 6: 12 - "They went out and preached that people should repent."
k. PAUL PREACHED IT
Acts 20:21 - "I have declared to both Jews and Greeks that they must turn to God in repentance and have faith in our Lord Jesus."
a. THE KINDNESS OF GOD
Rom. 2:4 - "Or do you show contempt for the riches of his kindness, tolerance and patience, not realising that God's kindness leads you towards repentance?"
b. CHRIST’S CALL AND PURPOSE FOR HIS COMING
Matt. 9: 13 - "But go and learn what this means: 'I desire mercy, not sacrifice.' For I have not come to call the righteous, but sinners ( to repentance )."
Matt. 12:41 - "The men of Nineveh will stand up at the judgment with this generation and condemn it; for they repented at the preaching of Jonah, and now one greater than Jonah is here."
Luke 17:3 — "So watch yourselves. If your brother sins, rebuke him, and if he repents, forgive him."
e. GODLY SORROW
2 Cor. 7:10 - "Godly sorrow brings repentance that leads to salvation and leaves no regret, but worldly sorrow brings death. "
Luke 6:48 - "... who dug down deep and laid the foundation ..."
f. DIVINE GIFT
Acts 11:18 - "... So then, God has granted even the Gentiles unto life." Acts 5:31 - "God exalted him to his own right hand as Prince and Saviour that he might give repentance and forgiveness of sins to Israel" 2 Tim. 2:25 - "Those who oppose him he must gently instruct, in the hope that God will grant them repentance leading them to a knowledge of the truth."
Study Questions for Lesson 2